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What is a Carolean?

A Carolean was a young military man fighting under King Charles XII of Sweden in the Great Northern War (1700-1721). Carolean comes from Carolus which is the Latin form of Charles. Charles was neither an ordinary king nor an ordinary commander in chief. That he became king at 15, was not unusual in the 1600s. What was unusual, however, was that the Swedish government did not appoint a regent to rule on his behalf. Charles became the de facto ruling monarch upon the death of his father, Charles XI. The playboy makes a promise At first, he behaved predictably like a 1690s playboy king. He partied until all hours, he hunted bears with his friends and generally misbehaved. Then, during one of his soirées, a young cousin of his fell to his death out of a palace window. Called before his grandmother, the formidable Queen Dowager Hedvig Eleonora, he showed…


All the Old Colonel’s sons joined the military. Since they grew up in Swedish Wismar in Northern Germany his eldest three served in Swedish regiments there. All three were Caroleans because they fought in the Great Northern War with King Charles XII of Sweden. I will start by explaining a little about Caroleans. Then I will introduce you to these three war heroes who also happen to be the first generation von Wachenfelt immigrants in Sweden.